Is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. Usually there is little or no discomfort at this stage. It is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care.
If gingivitis is left untreated it can advance to periodontitis. Plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. Toxins produced by the bacteria in the plaque can stimulate a chronic response where the body turns on itself. The tissue and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth and form pockets where more irritants are allowed to rest. The pockets then deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. If left alone teeth can become loose and may need to be removed.
Is a dentist who specialized in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease, and in the placement of dental implants. They are experts in the treatment of oral inflammation and oral lesions. Periodontists are familiar with the latest techniques for diagnosing and treating periodontal disease, and are also trained in preforming cosmetic periodontal procedure